The Ultimate Guide to Hair Loss: Types, Causes, and Care 

Are you afraid about hair loss? Nowadays, hair loss is a very common problem for almost everyone. You are not alone if you are facing this issue. The most common hair loss type is alopecia, which is a common concern that affects most people of all ages. Whether you are experiencing bald patches or unexpected gradual thinning. Understanding the causes and types of hair loss can help you find correct information and build confidence. In this article, I will explore the different types of hair loss, their different causes, and the most effective hair care strategies to build healthy hair growth.

Understanding Hair Loss 

One of most common hair loss type, known as alopecia. It can be a painful experience for both men and women. Preceding the explanation of the types and causes of hair loss, firstly you should know about the normal hair growth cycle. 

The Normal Hair Growth Cycle 

Hair growth normally happen in a cyclical process corresponding of these three main phases: anagen, catagen, and telogen.

Anagen Phase: This refers to the dynamic hair development stage where new hair cells are being churned out by hair follicles. Typically, this stage hangs around for about 2-7 years, and, funny enough, about 85% of your hair is running through this cycle at any moment.

Catagen Phase: Referred to as the intermediate stage, this momentary phase hangs approximately two to three weeks. In the catagen period, hair roots shrink and disconnect from the blood flow, setting the stage for the upcoming phase.

Telogen Phase: The last phase, which typically spans from 3 to 4 months. During this stage, the hair follicle stays inactive, eventually letting go of the old hair before transitioning into the fresh anagen stage. 

When Hair Loss Becomes a Concern 

Losing 50-100 strands of hair daily is normal, but if you’re seeing more hair fall, thinning spots, or bare patches, it might be a sign of a deeper problem. It’s crucial to dig into what might be causing this and get the right help. Hair loss can be temporary or permanent, depending on the below factors.

Types of Hair Loss 

Hair loss can show up in different ways, each with unique features and reasons. It’s important to identify the particular type of hair thinning you’re facing for the best possible treatment and control. Let’s dive into the most frequent types of hair loss.

Androgenic Alopecia 

Androgenic alopecia, commonly known as male pattern baldness or female pattern baldness. it is the most famous type of hair loss. It is marked by a gradual reduction in hair thickness occurring in distinct patterns. 

In males, androgenic alopecia typically begins with a diminishing hairline, followed by thinning at the crown of the head, creating an “M” shape. Female pattern baldness typically leads to a general thinning of hair, especially along the part line.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is a condition where the body’s immune system accidentally targets hair follicles, thinking it’s an invader.. This leads to sudden hair loss in round or oval patches. In some cases, it can progress to total hair loss on the scalp (alopecia totalis) or even on the entire body (alopecia universalis).

Anagen Effluvium

Anagen effluvium is a fast and extensive hair loss that occurs during the anagen phase of the hair growth cycle. It is commonly aligned with chemotherapy or radiation treatments for cancer. The hair usually come again once the treatment is completed.

Telogen Effluvium 

Telogen effluvium is a short-term hair shedding phenomenon that happens when too many hair roots prematurely hit the relaxation (or telogen) stage. It can be sparked by a slew of elements, such as mental or bodily strain, shifts in hormones, lack of essential nutrients, and specific drugs.

Tinea Capitis 

Ringworm of the scalp, or Tinea capitis in medical terms, is a fungus-induced condition that impacts both the hair shafts and the scalp. It may lead to tiny patches of hair loss, flaky skin, an irresistible urge to scratch, and occasionally, sores filled with pus. Swift treatment of antifungal medication is crucial to thwart additional spreading and the potential for scarring.

Traction Alopecia

Traction alopecia is the aftermath of constant strain or tugging on hair roots, typically caused by snug hairdos like plaits, ponytails, or buns. Given time, this could result in hair snapping and irreversible baldness if the root issue isn’t addressed.

hair loss types
Hair Loss Types

Causes of Hair Loss 

Understanding the below causes of hair loss is essentials for effective prevention and treatment. Although genetics have a substantial impact on specific forms of hair loss, various additional factors can also contribute to the thinning of hair and the onset of baldness.. Let’s explore the common causes of hair loss in below sections. 

Genetics and Hereditary Factors 

Your DNA and your family’s past have a big say in the whole ‘androgenic alopecia’ game – also known as male and female pattern baldness. If your parents or loved ones experienced hair loss, it’s likely that you may also encounter issues with hair fall.

Hormonal Changes and Medical Conditions 

Hormonal fluctuations can impact hair loss in both men and women. Factors like pregnancy, delivery, menopause, and thyroid irregularities can potentially disturb the typical hair growth cycle, leading to increased hair shedding.

Specific medical conditions, such as alopecia areata, scalp infections (such as ringworm), and autoimmune disorders, can also result in hair loss. Furthermore, the adverse effects of medications prescribed for conditions like cancer, arthritis, depression, and high blood pressure can contribute to the thinning of hair.

Medications and Treatments 

Specific medications, including chemotherapy drugs, anticoagulants, anticonvulsants, and beta-blockers, may result in temporary hair loss as a side effect. Hair loss can also be a consequence of radiation therapy to the head, and whether it is temporary or not depends on the dosage and duration of treatment.

Stress and Emotional Factors 

Life’s tough situations, mental strain, and intense stress can disrupt the normal growth cycle of your hair, leading to more-than-usual fallout. This kind of hair loss, known as telogen effluvium. It is usually temporary and gets better once you have addressed whatever is causing you stress.

When to Seek Medical Advice 

Are you feeling stressed about losing strands? Or your hair is falling out more than it should. It’s a good idea to get in touch with a health guru. They’ll help you determine what’s up with your hair and give you some excellent treatment plans. Let’s dive into why chatting with a doctor about this is super important.

Consulting a Healthcare Professional 

Schedule an appointment with a dermatologist or a healthcare professional specializing in hair and scalp disorders if you notice any of the following: 

  • Sudden or significant hair loss 
  • Bald patches or thinning areas 
  • Hair loss in children or adolescents 
  • Hair loss accompanied by scalp redness, itching, or pain 
  • Hair loss after starting a new medication or undergoing medical treatments 
  • Hair loss associated with other symptoms like fatigue, unexplained weight loss, or changes in the menstrual cycle 

Hair Loss FAQs 

Let’s address some frequently asked questions about hair loss.

While not all types of hair loss can be prevented, adopting a healthy lifestyle and hair care routine can promote overall hair health. This includes maintaining a balanced diet, avoiding excessive heat styling and harsh chemicals, managing stress levels, and seeking prompt medical attention for any underlying medical conditions. 

Yes, stress can contribute to hair loss. Telogen effluvium, a type of hair loss triggered by stress, can cause excessive shedding. Managing stress through relaxation techniques, exercise, and seeking support can help minimize its impact on hair health. 

Hair transplant surgery, like any surgical procedure, carries some potential risks and side effects. These may include bleeding, infection, scarring, swelling, and temporary shock loss (temporary shedding of transplanted hair). It’s important to discuss these potential risks with a qualified surgeon before undergoing the procedure. 


Dealing with Hair loss might be a challenging experience, but with the correct knowledge and information, you can confidently handle this journey. By knowing the different types and causes of hair loss, choosing healthy hair care practices, seeking pro medical advice, and exploring available treatment options, you can boost hair growth and manage hair loss like a pro. Remember, your hair does not define your worth, and embracing your distinctive beauty is crucial for living your optimal life, whether or not you have hair.